Loading Dock Hazards
Facility equipment in poor working order can pose a safety risk and must be fixed before it becomes a larger issue. Recognize the following:
-lack of safe working procedures
-congestion and traffic
-hazards associated with lifting devices, trucks, rolling conveyors, doors and other moving equipment and parts.
Along with regular inspections by warehouse staff, it's important to have a professional Planned Maintenance Service completed to comply with insurance regulations and ensure utmost safety.
Each dock installation must be carefully designed to avoid hazards whenever possible.
-allow safe entry and exit of vehicles.
-safe routes must be marked around loading dock areas for pedestrian traffic.
-do not exceed the weight of materials being used on dock levelers.
-place dumpsters in a controlled area away from loading dock area to minimize the risk of trucks backing into the containers.
Replace or Repair Worn Equipment
Loading Dock features including dock seals or shelters must be monitored in case of any damage. If these become torn or directly impacted, water or debris can enter, posing a safety concern for those working in the surrounding areas. Even in the winter months, you'll want your loading dock area to be as insulated as possible so your employees don't have to suffer from the cold draft during shipments. By replacing or repairing your worn equipment, you'll actually save money! Who would have thought that was possible? Air infiltration is the main cause of this; the air from outside of a building quickly makes its way inside. This means your heating/cooling is constantly competing with the outer temperatures each time the loading dock doors open.
Wheel Chocks are highly recommended to anchor and prevent the trailer from moving, potentially injuring workers (available in our online shop). A jack should also be used to stabilize the trailer and help prevent teeter-totter during loading/unloading.
Loading and Unloading Procedures
-reduce dock area congestion by clearing all unnecessary equipment/products
-unauthorized persons/pedestrians should not be permitted at loading dock area.
-ensure no one is in the trailer during loading/unloading as loads can shift resulting in the possibility of pinning a worker.
-provide physical barriers at dock edges and on lifting devices to prevent falls.
-proper lifting techniques should be used when lifting to prevent injury.
-reduce vehicle exhaust by limiting idling times when loading/unloading the truck.
Along with proper, scheduled services, it's important to immediately repair any damage to flooring or equipment. Spills and leaks must also be cleaned in order to prevent injury or damage to workers and equipment. Dock seals and shelters must also be kept in good working condition. In doing so, you will prevent leaks, minimize worker exposure to vehicle exhaust and temperature extremes and most importantly, minimize the deterioration of the building due to weather.
Be sure to review our simplified overview on LinkedIn, available for download!